Type 2 diabetes patient’s health advise

By | October 26, 2021
Type 2 diabetes patient's health complications
Type 2 diabetes patient's health complications

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, you need to take care of your health and have regular doctor checkups. This is because type 2 diabetes increases your risk of other health complications.

In this article, you will learn about the different types of health complications caused by diabetes, as well as what you should do.

One of the health complications of diabetes is:

  • Heart problems and brain strokes
  • Decreased sensation of touch and pain (symptoms of nerve damage)
  • Foot problems, such as sores, wounds, and infections
  • Decreased vision and blindness
  • Abortion (miscarriage or death) and stillbirth
  • Kidney problems
  • Sexual problems

The risk of such complications can be greatly reduced if you keep your blood sugar levels under control and follow regular doctors’ advice.

Blood sugar test every 3 months (HbA1C test) 

This test measures the average amount of sugar in your blood. This way you can determine how close your sugar level is to normal levels.

If you are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, this test should be done every 3 months. This test can be done after 6 months if your diabetes is under control later.

A checkup once a year

Heart, cholesterol, and kidney tests

Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease, kidney disease and brain stroke, so the sooner you catch high blood pressure and high cholesterol, the better. These diseases nest in your body silently. Symptoms of these diseases usually do not appear before they become serious, so these problems are not caught before the test.

Check your blood pressure and blood cholesterol level (amount of fat in the blood) at least once a year.

If you are already taking medication for high blood pressure or cholesterol, continue taking that medication.

 

Decreased sense of hand or foot

Tell your doctor if you notice any unusual changes in your hands and feet.

Diabetes can damage your nerves, it is called ‘diabetic neuropathy’. The effects are usually seen on the feet, especially the soles of the feet. However, other parts of the body can also be affected, resulting in the following problems in the affected area:

  • Fainting or numbness
  • Pain
  • Tingling
  • Sexual problems
  • Constipation or diarrhea

This damage can be prevented by starting treatment quickly.

Foot care

Every day, make sure that your feet, especially the soles of your feet, are having problems. Take care of your feet regularly, notice if there are any abnormalities.

Diabetes can numb any part of your legs by reducing the blood supply to your legs. If there is any injury or wound in the leg, it has to get a lot of speed to heal. Often these wounds or sores do not heal properly, and it is not easy to understand if there is a wound or numbness in any part of the foot. This can lead to problems like foot ulcers or infections.

So you have to be aware of whether you are feeling properly on both legs i.e. you can feel touch, pain, cold-hot etc. At the same time, regular care should be taken to see if any part of the foot is numb. It is also important to look for any kind of sores, ulcers or infections in the legs.

To avoid these problems, it is important to follow a few simple steps, such as:

  • Keeping your feet, especially the soles of your feet, clean and dry – will reduce your risk of infection
  • Do not go out barefoot to avoid scratching or scratching
  • Wearing the right size shoe that fits well – not too tight or too loose

Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any unusual changes in your legs, such as the following:

  • Thorns
  • Wounds or sores
  • Cracked legs
  • Blisters
  • Pain or tingling in the legs
  • Feet and toes become numb, meaning there is no feeling

Go to the doctor every year and get your feet examined.

If left untreated at the site of a foot wound, wound, or infection, there may be gangrene, which may require surgery to amputate that part of the foot or the entire leg.

 

Eye examination 

Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the eye, leading to vision problems (diabetic retinopathy), and even blindness. So you should have your eyes checked every year to see if your blood vessels are normal.

All diabetics 12 years of age or older should have an eye examination once a year.

Regular eye check-ups can help you catch your eye problem before your eyesight is damaged. Diabetic retinopathy can be detected earlier by screening the back of the eye with a small 30-minute test, making it more effective. Problems with the blood vessels of the eye can be treated quickly to prevent vision problems.

See a doctor right away if you notice any abnormal changes in your eyesight, including the following 3 problems:

1. Blurred vision, especially at night,

2. Floaters,

3. Increased sensitivity to light.

Pregnancy and diabetes

If you are planning to have a child, consult a doctor about this With type 2 diabetes, you can safely conceive and have children, However, for this, you must have a regular doctor’s special checkup during pregnancy.

Read More:-

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Best Exercise and weight loss tips for a diabetic patient

Best Vegetables Eating & Tips For weight loss Fast

 

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