What is the way to get rid of diarrhea?
Everyone from small children to adults often suffers from these two problems. In most cases, these problems are caused by germs entering the stomach and healing within a few days.
The same advice if diarrhea and vomiting go together, just diarrhea or just vomiting.
Symptoms of diarrhea: How do you know if you have diarrhea?
A soft stool or watery stool three or more times a day is called diarrhea. However, if for some reason your bowel movement is soft or thin, you will get diarrhea more often than usual.
For babies who are breastfed, their bowel movements are naturally soft and sticky. That is not diarrhea.
Home Remedies for Diarrhea and Vomiting
Usually you can treat yourself or your baby at home. The most important thing in this case is to drink plenty of fluids and eat food to avoid dehydration.
What to do:
- Get enough rest from home.
- Drink plenty of fluids and foods, such as water, food saline, chiral water, rice starch, or coconut water. You can add a little salt to the rice flour. If you feel nauseous, try to eat small kisses.
- Avoid fruit juices, soft drinks, coffee, sugary teas bought from the market. Because playing these can make diarrhea worse.
- Eat whenever you feel like it.
- There is no need to eat any specific food. For example, there is a widespread belief that diarrhea patients can eat nothing but white rice and glassware. This idea is not correct.
- After each thin stool, give 50-100 ml of liquid to children under 2 years of age, 100-200 ml of liquids to children between 2 and 10 years of age and to children and adults over 10 years of age to drink as much as they can.
- Continue to breastfeed or bottle-feed the baby. If the child vomits, you can feed him little by little.
- For children who are on formula or solid foods, give small sips of water between meals.
- Feed the baby every three to four hours. It is better to feed little by little without eating too much at once.
- Formulas should be prepared and fed to the children as directed. Do not feed the baby by making a thinner formula than that.
- If you feel uncomfortable, you can take paracetamol. Before giving the medicine to the child, read the instructions with the medicine well and make sure to take the right amount of medicine according to the age.
- You can give the child zinc tablets or syrup on the advice of a doctor to reduce the incidence of diarrhea and cure it quickly. Zinc intake is usually recommended for 10 to 14 days.
- Do not give diarrhea medicine to children under 12 years of age.
- Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Check to see if the word “aspirin” is written under the name of the drug.
How long can diarrhea and vomiting last?
Usually in adults and children
- Diarrhea stops within 5-6 days.
- Vomiting stops within 1-2 days.
What can you do to prevent the spread of diarrhea and vomiting among others?
Stay at home for at least two days after vomiting or diarrhea is cured. Do not return to school or work. Otherwise, vomiting or diarrhea may spread among others.
What to do to prevent the spread of diarrhea and vomiting:
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
- Wash clothes or bedsheets that come in contact with the toilet or vomit separately with warm water.
- Clean water faucets, door handles, toilet seats, flush handles, and areas that may come in contact with germs every day.
What not to do when you are sick:
- If possible, refrain from cooking for others.
- Do not share your dishes, knives, towels, clothes with anyone.
- Do not go down to the swimming pool until 2 weeks after the symptoms go away.
When to consult a doctor in case of diarrhea?
1. You are concerned about the health of a child under one year of age
2. A child under the age of five has symptoms of dehydration – such as Kant ha, nappies, or diapers getting wet less than before.
3. The baby reduces breast milk, bottled milk, or formula
4. If you or your child over the age of 5 still has dehydration symptoms after taking food saline
5. If you or your baby bleeds with the stool or blood goes through the stool
6. If there is vomiting for more than 2 days or diarrhea for more than 7 days
When to go to the hospital in case of diarrhea?
Go to the hospital on an emergency basis if you or your baby:
- Blood comes with vomiting or something dark brown like coffee beans
- Green or yellow (yellow) color is vomiting
- The neck stiffens and the eyes ache when looking at a bright light
- Sudden onset of severe headache or abdominal pain
- Repeated vomiting, can not put anything in the stomach
- Swallows something poisonous
- Feeling very sick
What we mean by severe pain is:
- Stays all the time, and is so intense that nothing can be said or thought
- Can’t sleep
- To Caracas, out of bed, go to the bathroom, hand and face washing or bathing, clothes become very difficult to work, etc.
What we mean by mild pain is:
- The pain comes and goes
- The pain is annoying, but it does not interfere with your daily work like going to the office etc.
What we mean by moderate pain is:
- There is pain all the time
- It is difficult to pay attention to any work
- It is difficult to sleep
- It is possible to get out of bed, wash your hands or take a bath, wear clothes, etc. , despite the pain.
Causes of vomiting and diarrhea
Exactly what causes vomiting or diarrhea may not be known, but the treatment for the underlying causes of vomiting or diarrhea is actually the same.
The most notable reasons are:
2. Norovirus (also called vomiting bug in western countries)
3. Food poisoning
Other causes of diarrhea are:
- Different Medications – Read the instructions for any medication to see what the side effects of the medication are
- Allergies to certain foods or intolerance to certain foods
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD
- Celiac disease
- Diverticular Disease
Vomiting can occur for the following reasons:
- Migraine pain
- Ear infection or labyrinths
- Different medicines – read the side effects written on the paper given with any medicine
- Reflux – food comes out of the baby’s mouth (spit out)
- Other infections, such as urinary tract infection
Dr. Dana Boctor