Gastric or peptic ulcer:

By | October 30, 2021
GASTRIC ULCER, PEPTIC ULCER
Gastric or peptic ulcer:

peptic ulcer

Gastric or peptic ulcer is A silent, deadly disease. When the lining of the stomach is damaged for any reason and causes inflammation, that disease is called gastritis in the medical language. Many of us call this disease gastric or gastric problems. This disease can have many causes.

For most people, this problem is not fatal. He recovered quickly after taking the treatment. But without treatment, it can suffer year after year.

What are the symptoms of Gastric or peptic ulcer disease?

Many people do not have any symptoms of this disease due to bacterial infection. Some people may have the following symptoms:

  • Indigestion
  • Stomach biting or burning in the abdomen
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Feeling full after eating

If the lining of the stomach is eroded (erosive gastritis) and it comes in contact with the acid in the stomach, the above symptoms may be accompanied by symptoms like pain, bleeding, or stomach ulcers.

These symptoms may start suddenly (acute gastritis) or maybe chronic (chronic gastritis).

When to go to the doctor for Gastric or peptic ulcer?

If you have indigestion, you can try to solve it by changing your diet and lifestyle on your own or by taking antacids. However, before taking antacids on your own, you must know whether this medicine is safe for you, how to take it, and the side effects. You can read this article.

Consult a doctor if:

  • Your indigestion symptoms last for a week or more, or you have severe abdominal pain or discomfort due to indigestion
  • Problems seem to be caused by any medication
  • Blood goes with vomiting or bowel movements, bowel movements become dark or vomiting comes with something like coffee beans

Abdominal pain does not mean that it is a sign of gastric problems. Abdominal pain can be caused by many reasons, such as trapped air, irritable bowel syndrome, etc.

What are the tests?

The doctor may suggest that you have one or more of the following tests.

  • Stool test – This test is used to see if there is a bacterial infection in the stomach or if blood is flowing from the stomach.
  • Breath test – This test is done to see if there is bacterial infection called Helicobacter pylori. Drink a glass of clear, tasteless, radioactive carbonated liquid and blow into a bag.
  • Endoscopy – A flexible tube is inserted through the throat and carried through the esophagus to the stomach to see if there are any signs of inflammation.
  • Barium swallow – A solution of a chemical called barium will be given. That solution is clearly visible on X-rays as it passes through the digestive tract and helps diagnose the disease.

What are the causes of this disease?

The most common causes of this disease are:

  • A bacterial infection called Helicobacter pylori
  • Smoking
  • Regular use of aspirin, ibuprofen, or any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain medication
  • Incidents that cause stress on the body, such as major surgery, serious injury, or any complex disease
  • Excessive cocaine or alcohol consumption
  • In some cases, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own body. This disease occurs when the lining of the stomach is attacked.

What is the treatment of this disease?

The main 3 goals of treatment are:

1. Reducing the amount of acid in the stomach to alleviate the symptoms

2. Healing the lining of the stomach

3. Find out if there is an underlying cause of the disease and treat it

Medications used:

  • Antacids – These readily available drugs reduce pain quickly by soothing stomach acid.
  • Histamine 2 blockers – These drugs reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
  • Proton pump inhibitors – These drugs also reduce the production of stomach acid. However, they are more effective than histamine 2 blockers. Example: omeprazole.

H. pylori gastritis is caused by a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori.

Many people are infected with this bacterium but do not understand. Many people have a bacterial infection in their stomach but usually have no symptoms. However, these bacteria can cause inflammation of the lining of the stomach and cause repeated indigestion.

This problem is more common in the elderly and is usually responsible for chronic non-erosive cases that do not erode the lining of the stomach. This infection usually lasts a lifetime if left untreated.

Some antibiotics with proton pump inhibitors need to be taken for a certain period of time to eliminate the bacteria.

What can you do to relieve the symptoms of  Gastric or peptic ulcer?

If you feel that you are having gastric problems due to repeated use of pain medications (NSAIDs), then you may be taking painkillers that are not part of the ‘NSAIDs-group’, such as paracetamol. Consult a doctor in this regard.

You can also do the following 5 things:

  • Repeatedly, eating little by little
  • Avoid foods that damage the stomach, such as spicy and fried foods.
  • Avoid or avoid alcohol as much as possible
  • If you have a habit of smoking, give it up
  • Dealing with stress

What are the possible complications of this disease?

Prolonged exposure to this disease may increase the risk of the following diseases:

  • Stomach ulcers or sores
  • Stomach polyps (small lumps formed by the lining of the stomach)
  • Stomach tumors, which can also lead to cancer.

Gastritis or gastroenteritis?

  • Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by a bacterial infection.
  • Gastritis is simply the inflammation of the lining of the stomach, which is not always caused by a bacterial infection.

 

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